Bivalves I
Bivalves II
Gastropods I
Gastropods II

Sunset Beach, North Carolina, Shells

Gastropods II

Jo O'Keefe Copyright 2012. Photos may be used for educational purposes only. Contact me with inquiries.

Dr. Harry Lee, a nationally known malacologist, deserves much credit for this work. Thanks to him, we know the identity of many of the shells of Sunset Beach, NC.

Black lines on ruler visible in some images depict milimeters. Not all species have been photographed. Numbers next to species need revision.

Oliva sayana
Oliva sayana
163. Oliva sayana Ravenel, 1834 Lettered Olive
Olivella mutica
Olivella mutica
Olivella mutica
Olivella mutica
164. Olivella mutica (Say, 1822) Variable Dwarf Olive
Olivella cf. prefloralia
Olivella cf. prefloralia
165. Olivella cf. prefloralia Olsson and Harbison, 1953 cf. Rice Olive (2)
Prunum apicinum
166. Prunum apicinum (Menke, 1828) Common Atlantic Marginella
Prunum roscidum
167. Prunum roscidum (Redfield, 1860) Seaboard Marginella
168. Cancellaria Reticulata (Linné, 1767) Common Nutmeg (2)
Terebra concava
Concave Auger
169. Terebra concava (Say, 1826) Concave Auger
170. Terebra dislocata (Say, 1822) Eastern Auger
171. Cerodrillia bealiana Schwengel and McGinty, 1942 Beal’s Drillia
Cryoturrisw dorvilliae
Dorvill's Mangelia
172. Cryoturris dorvilliae (Reeve, 1845) Dorvill’s Mangelia
Kurtziella atrostyla - Brown-tip Mangelia
173. Kurtziella atrostyla (Tryon, 1884) Brown-tip Mangelia
174. Nannodiella vespuciana (d’Orbigny, 1847) Vespucci’s Dwarf-turris
175. Pyrgocythara hemphilli Bartsch and Rehder, 1939 Hemphill's Mangelia
176. Rubellatoma rubella Bartsch and Rehder, 1939 Red-brown Mangelia
177. Splendrillia moseri (Dall, 1889) Moser's Drillia
178. Boonea impressa (Say, 1822) Impressed Odostome
179. Chrysallida nioba (Dall and Bartsch, 1911) Niobe Odostome
180. Cyclostremella humilis Bush, 1897 False Cyclostreme
181. Eulimastoma canaliculatum (C. B. Adams, 1850) Channeled Odostome

182. Eulimastoma weberi (Morrison, 1965) Weber’s Odostome
183. Fargoa bartschi (Winkley, 1909) Bartsch's Odostome
184. Fargoa buijsei (de Jong and Coomans, 1988) Buijse's Odostome
Longchaeus crenulatus (Holmes, 1859) Crinkled Pyram
185. Odostomia acutidens Dall, 1884 Sharp-tooth Odostome
186. Turbonilla (Pyrgiscus) buteonis Bartsch, 1909 Hawk Turbonille -- 6 mm
A - Turbonilla caroliniana Holotype [Bushra Hussaini photograph, American Museum of Natural History]
B - Turbonilla caroliniana from Sunset Beach, North Carolina [Jo O'Keefe] -- combination photo from www.jaxshells.org and Jo O'Keefe
Turbonilla (Pyrgiscus) caroliniana Holmes, 1859 Incised Turbonille
187. Turbonilla (Pyrgiscus) wrightsvillensis E. Powell, 1981 Carolina Turbonille
188. Turbonilla (Pyrgiscus) viridaria Dall, 1884 Conrad's Turbonille
Turbonilla (Pyrgiscus) species E (Lee, 2009: 150; species no. 714)
189. Turbonilla (Pyrgiscus) caroliniana Holmes, 1859 Incised Turbonille
190. Acteon candens Rehder, 1939 Rehder’s Baby-bubble
191. Rictaxis punctostriatus (C. B. Adams, 1840) Pitted Baby-bubble
192. Acteocina bidentata (d’Orbigny, 1841) Two-tooth Barrel-bubble

193. Acteocina canaliculata (Say, 1826) Channeled Barrel-bubble
Bill Rudman, operator of the Sea Slug Forum -- www.seaslugforum.net -- wrote this about the above photo: "In your photo, the light brown [center left] object is part of the shell, while the other objects - or at least most of them - are the large bulky gizzard plates which form a band of crushing plates to pulverize the sea weed before it enters the sea hare's stomach."
194. Aplysia fasciata Rang, 1828 Mottled Seahare
195. Diacavolinia deblainvillei van der Spoel, Bleeker, and Kobayasi, 1993 Longsnout Cavoline, a Pteropod, plankton (2)
196. Cratena pilata (Gould, 1870) Northern Aeolis
Diacria danae Leyen and van der Spoel, 1982 Four-toothed Cavoline
197. Melampus bidentatus Say, 1822 Eastern Melampus -- this highly evolved species is a pulmonate, i.e., it has pulmonary function