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Sunset Beach, North Carolina, Shells

Gastropods I

Jo O'Keefe Copyright 2015. Photos may not be used for profit and may be used for educational purposes only. Contact me with inquiries.

Dr. Harry Lee, a nationally known malacologist, deserves much credit for this work. Thanks to him, we know the identity of many of the shells of Sunset Beach, NC. Information on how to find these shells in seaweed, sea grit and sea drift can be found at: http://okeefes.org/Sunset_Beach_Shells/Finding_Shells/How_to_find_shells.htm.

Black lines on ruler visible in some images depict milimeters. Not all species have been photographed. Note: Numbers are not up to date.

Diodora cayenensis
Diodora cayenensis
95. Diodora cayenensis (Lamarck, 1822) Cayenne Keyhole Limpet
 



96. Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791 Chestnut Turban
   
Calliostoma euglyptum
Calliostoma euglyptum
97. Calliostoma euglyptum (A. Adams, 1855) Sculptured Topsnail
 
98. Skenea sp. aff. smithfieldensis (Olsson, 1916)
 
Litiopa melanostoma
 
Litiopa melanostoma
Litiopa melanostoma
99. Litiopa melanostoma Rang, 1829 Sargassum Snail
 
Cerithium atratum
Cerithium atratum
100. Cerithium atratum (Born, 1778) Dark Cerith
 
101. Cerithium muscarum Say, 1832 Fly-specked Cerith
 
 
Modulus modulus (Linnaeus, 1758)
 
Vermicularia knorrii
102. Vermicularia knorrii (Deshayes, 1843) Florida Wormsnail
 
103. Vermicularia spirata (Philippi, 1836) West Indian Wormsnail
 
Echinolittorina interrupta
Echinolittorina interrupta
104. Echinolittorina placida (Philippi, 1856) Interrupted Periwinkle
 
Littoraria irrorata
   
Littoraria irrorata
Littoraria irrorata
105. Littoraria irrorata (Say, 1822) Marsh Periwinkle
 
106. Amnicola species
 
107. Littoridinops tenuipes (Couper, 1844) Henscomb Hydrobe
 
108. Assiminea succinea (L. Pfeiffer, 1840) Atlantic Assiminea
 
109. Circulus texanus (D. Moore, 1965) Texas Vitrinella
 
Cyclostremiscus pentagonalis
110. Cyclostremiscus pentagonus (Gabb, 1873) Trilix Vitrinella
 
Episcynia inornata
111. Episcynia inornata (d’Orbigny, 1842) Fringed Vitrinella
 
Solariorbis infracarinatus Gabb, 1881 Gabb's Vitrinella
   
Teinostoma obtectum
Teinostoma obtectum
112.Teinostoma obtectum Pilsbry and McGinty, 1945 Glossy Vitrinella
 
113. Vitrinella helicoidea C. B. Adams, 1850 Helix Vitrinella
 
114. Caecum antillarum Carpenter, 1857 Antillean Caecum
 
115. Meioceras nitidum (Stimpson, 1851) Little Horn Caecum
 
   
Strombus alatus Gmelin, 1791 Florida Fighting Conch, collected by Gloria Fleming
   
   
116. Bostrycapulus aculeatus (Gmelin, 1791) Spiny Slippersnail
Calyptraea centralis
Calyptraea centralis
117. Calyptraea centralis (Conrad, 1841) Circular Chinese-hat
 
   
Crepidula convexa
Crepidula convexa
118. Crepidula convexa Say, 1822 Convex Slippersnail
 
Crepidula fornicata
119. Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758) Slipper Limpet
Seven or more Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758) Slipper Limpets and two mahagony-colored Crepidula convexa Say, 1822 Convex Slippersnails on Neverita duplicata (Say, 1822) Shark Eye
Crepidula plana
Crepidula plana
 
Crepidula plana
120. Crepidula plana Say, 1822 Eastern White Slippersnail
   
Simnialena uniplicata (G.B. Sowerby II, 1848) One-tooth Simnia
   
Hespererato maugeriae (J.E. Gray, 1832) Green Erato
   
Neverita duplicata
Neverita duplicata
   
Neverita duplicata
Neverita duplicata
 
operculum
egg collar
 
121. Neverita duplicata (Say, 1822) Shark Eye, operculum and egg collar
 
122. Sigatica carolinensis (Dall, 1889) Carolina Moonsnail
 
Sigatica semisulcata
Sigatica semisulcata
123. Sigatica semisulcata (Gray, 1839) Semisulcate Moonsnail
 
Sinum perspectivum
Sinum perspectivum
124. Sinum perspectivum (Say, 1831) White Baby Ear
 
Tectonatica pusilla
Tectonatica pusilla
125. Tectonatica pusilla (Say, 1822) Miniature Moonsnail
 
Semicassis granulata granulata
126. Semicassis granulata granulata (Born, 1778) Scotch Bonnet
 
 
 
Tonna galea (Linnaeus, 1758) Giant Tun
 
 
Cerithiopsis fusiformis (C.B. Adams, 1850) Brown Miniature Cerith
 
Cerithiopsis sp. cf. C. academicorum Rolán and Espinosa, 1996 Common Miniature Cerith
 
Retilaskeya emersonii (C.B. Adams, 1839) Emerson’s Miniature Cerith
 
127. Seila adamsii (H. C. Lea, 1845) Adams’ Miniature Cerith
 
   
"Triphora" species too worn for ID
   
   
Eulimostraca subcarinata (d’Orbigny, 1841) Brown-line Eulima
   
Melanella hypsela
Melanella hypsela
128. Melanella hypsela (A. E. Verrill and Bush, 1900) Sharp Eulima
 
Epitonium angulatum
Epitonium angulatum
129. Epitonium angulatum (Say, 1831) Angulate Wentletrap (6)
 
Epitonium apiculatum
130. Epitonium apiculatum (Dall, 1889) Semismooth Wentletrap
 
Epitonium cf. albidum
131. Epitonium cf. albidum (d’Orbigny, 1842) cf. Bladed Wentletrap
 
Epitonium foliaceicosta
Epitonium foliaceicosta
132. Epitonium foliaceicosta (d'Orbigny, 1842) Wrinkled-rib Wentletrap
 
Epitonium humphreysii
Epitonium humphreysii
133. Epitonium humphreysii (Kiener, 1838) Humphrey’s Wentletrap
 
Epitonium multistriatum
Epitonium multistriatum
134. Epitonium multistriatum (Say, 1826) Many-ribbed Wentletrap
 
Epitonium novangliae
135. Epitonium novangliae (Couthouy, 1838) New England Wentletrap
 
136. Epitonium occidentale (Nyst, 1871) Fine-ribbed Wentletrap
 
137. Epitonium rupicola (Kurtz, 1860) Brown-band Wentletrap
 
Chicoreus pomum (Gmelin, 1791) Apple Murex
   
Eupleura caudata
Eupleura caudata
138. Eupleura caudata (Say, 1822) Thick-lip Drill
 
Hexaplex fulvescens
Hexaplex fulvescens
139. Hexaplex fulvescens (G. B. Sowerby II, 1834) Giant Eastern Murex
 
Stramonita haemastoma floridana
Stramonita haemastoma floridana
140. Stramonita haemastoma floridana (Conrad, 1837) Florida Rocksnail
 
Atlantic oyster drill
   
141. Urosalpinx cinerea (Say, 1822) Atlantic Oyster Drill, top specimen mature, lower specimens immature, lower left specimen albino
 
Gemophos tinctus
Gemophos tinctus
142. Gemophos tinctus (Conrad, 1846) Tinted Cantharus
 
143. Hesperisternia multangula (Philippi, 1848) Ribbed Cantharus
 
Busycon carica
Busycon carica
144. Busycon carica (Gmelin, 1791) Knobbed Whelk
 
145. Busycon sinistrum Hollister, 1958 Lightning Whelk
 
Channeled Whelk
Busycotypus canaliculatus
146. Busycotypus canaliculatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Channeled Whelk
 
Busycotypus spiratus
 
Busycotypus spiratus
Busycotypus spiratus
147. Busycotypus spiratus (Lamarck, 1818) Pear Whelks, juveniles above
 
Ilyanassa obsoleta
Ilyanassa obsoleta
148. Ilyanassa obsoleta (Say, 1822) Eastern Mudsnail -- juvenile
 
148. Ilyanassa obsoleta (Say, 1822) Eastern Mudsnail -- mature
   
Ilyanassa trivittata
149. Ilyanassa trivittata (Say, 1822) Three-line Mudsnail
 
Nassarius acutus
Nassarius acutus
150. Nassarius acutus (Say, 1822) Sharp Nassa
 
Nassarius albus
151. Nassarius albus (Say, 1826) White Nassa
 
152. Nassarius vibex (Say, 1822) Bruised Nassa
 
Fasciolaria hunteria
Fasciolaria hunteria
153. Cintura hunteria (G. Perry, 1811) Eastern Banded Tulip
 
Fasciolaria tulipa
 
154. Fasciolaria tulipa (Linnaeus, 1758) True Tulip, juvenile above
 
Triplofusus giganteus
Triplofusus giganteus
155. Triplofusus giganteus (Kiener, 1840) Horse Conch
 
Astyris lunata
Astyris lunata
156. Astyris lunata (Say, 1826) Lunar Dovesnail -- melanistic variant on left
 
Columbella mercatoria
Columbella mercatoria
157. Columbella mercatoria (Linnaeus, 1758) West Indian Dovesnail
 
158. Costoanachis avara (Say, 1822) Greedy Dovesnail
Costoanachis avara
Costoanachis avara
   
Costoanachis sertulariarum
Costoanachis sertulariarum
159. Costoanachis sertulariarum (d'Orbigny, 1841) Florida Dovesnail
 
Costoanachis similis (Ravenel, 1861) Mimic Dovesnail
 
Costoanachis translirata
160. Costoanachis translirata (Ravenel, 1861) Well-ribbed Dovesnail
 
161. Parvanachis obesa (C. B. Adams, 1845) Fat Dovesnail
 
Suturoglypta iontha
162. Suturoglypta iontha (Ravenel, 1861) Lineate Dovesnail